Covid-19 against workers. Labor is everything related to the performance of an activity: before, during, and after the completion of the employment relationship, both in work that produces goods and work in the form of work. From the aspect of labor law, it is a field of private law that has a public aspect, because even though the employment relationship is based on the freedom of the parties, there are some provisions that must be subject to government provisions in the sense of public law. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that pandemics can also have a disproportionate economic impact on certain segments of the population, which can exacerbate inequality that affects large groups of workers, such as workers who already have health problems, and youth who already face higher mortality rates. unemployed and underemployed, older workers who may be at higher risk of developing serious health problems and possibly suffering from economic vulnerability.
Uncertainty and difficulties in life make this vulnerable group need social safety nets, such as health insurance and social security. Through the provision of health insurance and social security, the lives of the most vulnerable are protected, both in times of crisis and without crisis. With this social protection, vulnerable workers can live in healthy conditions and can still work to provide for their lives and their families in the future. Without health insurance and social security, the crisis due to the Covid-19 pandemic will take away the hopes and lives of vulnerable groups.
Quarantine and business disruption, travel bans, school closings, and other closure measures have a sudden and drastic impact on workers and businesses. Often the first to lose their jobs are those whose jobs are already vulnerable, such as shop workers, waitresses, kitchen workers, baggage handlers and cleaners.
Apart from unemployment and underemployment; the crisis will also impact working conditions, wages and access to social protection, with a particularly negative impact on certain groups who are more vulnerable to the adverse effects of the labor market. Pandemics can also have a disproportionate economic impact on certain segments of the population, which can exacerbate inequality affecting large groups of workers, such as Workers who already have health problems, Young people already facing higher unemployment and underemployment rates, Older workers who may face a higher risk of developing serious health problems, and possibly suffering from economic vulnerability.
These workers experience vulnerability not only in economic terms, but in terms of health as well. They tend to have a greater potential for contracting the corona virus because they remain active in the midst of an increasingly widespread outbreak.
An operation of a Coffee Shop in Jakarta admitted that his income decreased by 75%. “Since there was Covid-19, customers, especially students, were afraid to leave the house, so sales dropped,” said Johan, the owner of a coffee shop. According to him, if conditions like this last more than June 2020, it is likely that the coffee shop owner can close his business which also results in laying off his workers. Looking at the economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic above, it shows us that the conditions for vulnerable workers in fact vary. The difference in housing between rural and urban areas to differences in property ownership and types of business or work, also differ in how they survive in the midst of a crisis.
Social Protection for Workers Vulnerable to Covid-19 Against Workers in Indonesia
In fact, the impact of the Covid-19 outbreak places vulnerable workers as one of the most affected groups in society, despite the different conditions and needs of each type of work. The situation about when this epidemic will end is still full of big question marks, so the longer this condition lasts, the more vulnerable workers are in an increasingly uncertain life.
To reduce the impact faced by vulnerable workers, the government can take policies in two forms. First, during the pandemic; second, when this pandemic is over. When the Covid-19 pandemic is still ongoing, the most important thing that must be met is the basic needs of the community, namely basic needs like 5 basic food items. Then after the pandemic has ended what is needed is controlling everything in terms of policies in handling the country’s economy and the Indonesian people themselves. Government stimulus policies need to target this problem.
According to SDGs No. 8, namely Encouraging sustainable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all but this is inversely related. Diversification, innovation, and increasing economic productivity; promote policies to support job creation and new enterprises; improve resource efficiency in consumption and production; full employment and decent work with equal pay are some of the goals of SDGs no. 8.
This goal is to ensure that the economic sector in each country provides the necessary necessities for its citizens to have a good life regardless of their background, race or culture. Moreover, in many places, having a job does not guarantee the ability to escape poverty. This slow and uneven progress requires everyone to rethink and retool economic and social policies aimed at reducing poverty.